Germán Rodríguez

Stata Markdown
Princeton University
Stata/Markdown documents may include Mata code as part of a Stata block using the simple or strict syntax. It is even possible to start a Mata session in one block, add a few comments or annotations, and end the session in another block.

Version 1.6 of `markstat`

makes this even easier by extending the strict syntax to allow Mata blocks as well as inline Mata code. In both cases you simply use an `m`

instead of an `s`

in the code fence or
inline code.

I thought it would be fun to try to reproduce part of one of Bill Gould's *Mata Matters* columns, and I picked an excerpt from his column on subscripts.
Here is the code. We start with a quiet block to enter the matrix **X**, and then take up the narrative from the article.

`mataMatters.stmd`

# Matta Matters (excerpt) From W. Gould (2007). Mata Matters: Subscripting. *The Stata Journal*, __7__(1):106-116. <https://www.stata-journal.com/article.html?article=pr0028>. ```s/ clear mata version 11 mata: X = 4, 7, 9 \ 2, 12, 3 \ 8, 8, 7 \ 3, 4, 1 \ 1, 7, 9 end ``` This is a case of something difficult to program in Stata being trivial in Mata. The following example is well worth understanding. ```m X uniformseed(39483) o = ceil(5*uniform(5,1)) o Z = X[o,] Z ``` Below I use these ideas to perform a bootstrap of the regression of mpg on weight and foreign, using the automobile data: ```s sysuse auto, clear mata: st_view(datay=., ., "mpg") st_view(dataX=., ., tokens("weight foreign")) n = rows(datay) dataX = dataX, J(n, 1, 1) N = 10000 // number of replications uniformseed(47686) b = J(N, 3, .) for (i = 1; i <= N; i++) { o = ceil(n*uniform(n,1)) y = datay[o,] X = dataX[o,] b[i,] = (invsym(X'X)*X'y)' } variance(b) end ``` These results are similar to those that would be produced in Stata by typing `estat vce` after `bootstrap, reps(10000): regress mpg weight foreign`.

You can see the corresponding HTML and PDF output, or even better, you could run it yourself using the commands:

```
copy https://data.princeton.edu/stata/markdown/matamatters.stmd matamatters.stmd
markstat using matamatters, strict
```

You may want to compare the output with the original *Stata Journal* article available here.

When I first ran this script the results differed from the published output, even though the seed was the same. I thought something might have changed with Stata since the paper was written, and added a `version 11`

statement. The results then matched exactly. And of course, the document was updated without the need to cut and paste anything.